Basic cost of corn production in Ghana

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Samuel Abroquah e-Agronomist
Samuel Abroquah e-Agronomist

THE BASIC COST OF PRODUCTION FOR AN ACRE OF CORN FARM EXCLUDING ALL FORMS OF TRANSPORTATION AND FEEDING AS AT FRIDAY 18TH MARCH 2022. (In Ghana Cedis)

🟢Returns: An average yield of 3 Metric Tonnes ( 60bags of 50kg). Currently a Metric Tonne (MT) is 2,900 at farmgate. It is very important to note that this yield is achievable at optimum conditions. Currently, Ghana’s average corn yield is 2 MT. The goodness is, there are new hybrids that yields between 4 and 4.8 MT

Land Preparation
Glyphosate 3 litters (45 per liter ) = 135
Sprayer Charge ( 25 per liter) = 75
Feeding of sprayer(s)=?
Poultry Manure 20 bag (5 per bag) = 100
Labour for spreading of manure = 30
Feeding of labour = ?
First plough = 200
Second plough = 200
Harrowing = 120
Feeding for tractor operator = ?
Total = 860

Planting
Seed 10kg ( Hybrid maize, 20 per kilo ) = 200
Transportation of seeds= ?
Pretreatment of seeds(Dresscare) = 32
Planter service = 150
Feeding of operator = ?
Filling in and replacement of curl seedlings (labour) = 60
Pre-emergence ( to destroy seeds of weeds) 2 bottles ( 125 per bottle) = 250
Sprayer ( 30 per bottle) = 60
Total = 752

Fertilizer Application
NPK 50kg 2 bags ( if you are lucky to get PFJ, 252 per bag) = 504
Labour to apply = 60
Urea 50kg = 480
Labour to apply = 30
Transportation of fertilizers = ?
Feeding of labour(s) = ?
Total = 1074

Pest Control (Army worm)
If you are lucky, you can get free government chemicals. If not ;
Armyworm chemical ( viper) 3 mini bottles (35 per bottle) = 105
Sprayer ( charges more because they must spray the chemicals into each plant, imagine 22,000 plants on an acre) = 150
Feeding of sprayer(s)=?
Total = 255

Weeds Control
Post-emergence chemical (Nicosulfuron) 2 litters ( 40 per liter ) = 80
Amine Salt = 40
Sprayer = 30
Feeding of sprayer = ?
Total = 150

Harvesting
Harvesters = 180
Labour for shelling = 150
Sacks 60 (2 per bag) = 120
Shelling (5 per bag) = 300
Feeding for the team = ?
Transportation of corn to market or warehouse for storage= ?
Total = 750

Grand total = 3841

Samuel Abroquah
e-Agronomist

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